NTSE Important Questions for CBSE Class 10 Science – Chapter 2 | Acids, Bases, and Salts

Acids, Bases, and Salts involves the study of the reactions of acids, bases, and salts. In this chapter, students will learn about the chemical properties of acids and bases, how acids and bases cancel each others effect, how acids and bases react with metals, reactions of metallic oxides acids, reactions of non-metallic oxides with bases, etc. All these concepts have been taught in detail on NTSEGuru video lectures. Our Chemistry Expert has compiled NTSE important questions to help students prepare for their exams better.

Important Question of Acid, Base, and Salt

Q. Which one of the following oxides gives pink colour with phenolphthalein indicator in aqueous solution?

(a) N2O                

(b) NO                        

(c) CaO                       

(d) CO2

Ans. (c) CaO

Sol. Because CaO is basic in nature

aqueous solution

Q. Strong electrolytes is –

a) NH4OH

b) Ca(OH)2

c) H2CO3

Ans. (d) NaCl

Sol. NaCl because it dissociates completely on electrolysis

Q. Ammonium chloride is a salt of:                                           

(a) Weak Acid and Weak Base                       

(b) Weak Acid and Strong Base

(c) Strong Acid and Strong Base                     

(d) Strong Acid and Weak Base

Ans. (d) Strong Acid and Weak Base

Sol. HCL + NH4OH → NH4Cl + H2O

Strong Acid and Weak Base

Q. pH paper is separately dipped into 2 different solutions X and Y. Colour of pH paper turned pale green in X and blue in Y. X and Y are most probably:

(a) X – water, Y – NaOH

(b) X – NaOH, Y – H2O

(c) X – HCl, Y – NaOH                                  

(d) X – NaOH, Y – HCl

Ans.(a) X – water, Y – NaOH

Sol. Water has PH = 7 (given pale green colour), NaOH is base PH = 9 (given blue).

Q. Why is gypsum added to cement?

(a) To undergo a chemical reaction.                            

(b) To dehydrate cement.

(c) To slow down the initial setting of cement.           

(d) To make cement stronger.

Ans. (c) To slow down the initial setting of cement.

Sol. Gypsum, when added to cement, elongates the setting time of cement.

Students must pay extra attention to this chapter as it focuses on the fundamentals of Chemistry. Aforementioned questions are important for NTSE 2019. Stay tuned with NTSEGuru.in for important questions of Chapter 3.

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