Important Questions for India Size and Location Class 9 Chapter 1

Social science is considered to be the most scoring subject either on your board exam or in any competitive exam. Hence here are some important questions from the subject Geography. Build your subject clarity by solving questions. Go through the most important questions from the topic India size and location class 9.

Questions on India Size, and Location:

  1. Name the southern neighbours of India across the sea.

Ans.   Sri Lanka and Maldives

  1. Identify the countries constituting the India subcontinent.

Ans.  The countries constituting the Indian sub continent are PakistanBangladeshSri LankaNepalBhutan and Maldives

  1. Name the countries that share their land boundaries with India.

Ans.  India shares land borders with seven neighboring countries viz. Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan and Afghanistan.

  1. Write the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India.

Ans.  The longitudinal extent of India is 68 degree 7′ E and 97 degree 25′ E whereas the latitudinal extent of India is 8 degree 4′ N and 36 degree 7′ N.

  1. Which latitude and longitude divides India almost into two equal halves?

Ans.  The Tropic of Cancer is the latitude that divides India into almost two equal halves. The longitude 82 30’E divides India into two almost two equal parts.

  1. Name the island groups situated to the southeast and southwest of the mainland.

Ans.    The southeast and southwest of the mainland, lie the Andaman and Nicobar islands and the Lakshadweep islands in Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.

  1. Why is Indian sub – continent so called?

Ans.   India and the adjoining countries are considered to be a sub-continent as it comprises of all the characteristics of a continent.

  1. Indian sub-continent encompasses vast areas of diverse landmasses. Indian subcontinent comprises of lofty mountains, fertile plains, desert and plateau.
  2. There is also great vastness and diversities in terms of climate, natural vegetation, wildlife and other resources.
  3. Also, the vivid characteristics of culture and tradition among the people make it a subcontinent.
  4. How do we calculate the time difference from Arunachal Pradesh to Gujarat?

Ans.     Sun rays take 4 minutes to cover one longitude.

From Arunachal Pradesh to Gujarat there are 30 longitudes (68°7´E to 97°25´E)


Time taken by light to cross a longitude = 4 min

Time taken by light to cross 30 longitudes = 4 × 30 = 120 min or 2 hours.

Hence, we can say that the time difference of 2 hours exists from Arunachal Pradesh to Gujarat.

  1. In spite of time differences, how does India adopt a uniform time?

Ans.    It adopts a uniform time by standard meridian to overcome 2 hour difference b/w Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh. It is 82degree30minutes east and passes through Mirzapur in U.P. it is selected as the standard meridian of India because it is the central longitude of India.

  1. The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?

Ans.     The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance because:

(a) It has given India a strategic advantage due to the Trans Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia.

(b) It also help us to give economic activities of different types.

  1. How can you say that the land routes of India with other countries are older than her maritime routes?

Ans.     Yes, it is true that India’s contacts with the world have continued through the ages. This can be explained as follows:

i. Sea routes are much older than any other route. English and French came to India by sea route. Vasco de Gama discovered the sea route in 1498.

ii. India’s position is a very strategic position from an economic point of view.

iii. The Himalayas in the north provided passes which helped ancient travelers to cross them and explore India through land routes.

  1. Suez Canal built by British have become a significant trade route from England to any other country of Asia which have to pass through India.
  1. Why the difference between the duration of day and night hardly felt at Kanyakumari but not so in Kashmir?

Ans.   As Kanyakumari is quite near the equator at 8°4’N the day-night difference is hardly one hour there, and therefore, the duration of day and night is hardly felt at Kanyakumari. … Kashmir is over 30° away from the equator and so the difference in duration of day and night is more there and we feel that difference.

  1. The tropic of Cancer runs almost Half way through the country. What is its Indication?

Ans.  (i)Tropic of Cancer is the most northerly circle of latitude on earth at which the sun can be directly.

(ii) The positioning of the Tropic Of Cancer has a major effect on India’s climate. It has abruptly divided the country into two parts. Thus,  areas to the south of the Tropic of cancer is  closer to the equator thus they remain very hot for the entire year whereas areas north to the Tropic of Cancer falls in the warm temperate zone and experience comparatively minimum temperature and cooler climate most of the time in the year.

(iii) The water bodies comprising the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea in the peninsular India maintains moderate climate around the coastal areas.

(iv) Where northern India experience continental climate that is very hot in summer and very cold in winter where as southern part experience maritime climate that is moderate climate and Kashmir is in the upper part where sun goes slanting and that is why whole year it remains cold.

  1. Identify the countries constituting the Indian subcontinent.

Ans. 1. India in the center

  1. Pakistan in North-west
  2. Nepal in the North
  3. Bhutan in North-east
  4. Bangladesh in east
  1. Why is 82°30’E selected as the Standard Meridian of India?

Ans.  The 82°30’E Meridian has been selected as Standard Meridian of India for the following reasons:

  1. There is a general understanding among the countries of the world to select a Standard Meridian in the multiples of 7½ east and west of Prime Meridian. It is equal to half an hour.
  2. A country’s standard time is derived from such a Central Meridian.
  3. The minimum difference of time between two consecutive Standard Meridian should be half an hour.
  4. Another consideration is that the Central Meridian of a country should pass through, as far as possible, its middle part.
  1. What is the significance of India’s location?

Ans.   India’s central location at the head of Indian ocean gives it a great strategic importance and helps in maintaining.

  1. It helps India to keep a close contact with west Asia, Africa and Europe from western cost, and southeast and east Asia from the eastern Asia.
  2. It is also an important transit point for sea routes connecting the two regions that is countries of Europe with countries of East Asia.
  3. India has the longest coastline in the region adding to its clout, no other country in the Indian Ocean indeed has that long a coastline.
  4. India also serves as an important transit points for sea routes connecting the two regions that is countries of Europe with countries of east Asia.

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